Start of the commercial growing of chinchillas dates from 1923 years, when cultivation and breeding in captivity was started (the State of California (USA)). Already in 1954, about 500 000 of chinchillas were raised in captivity of the North America’s farmers. At the first auction in history due to the remarkable beauty, lightness, diversity and the strength of the chinchilla fur, they were sold at 100-200 dollars per unit. The price of fur more and more motivated animal breeders to expand this business. What was the most important thing, that chinchilla fur coats, blankets, caps, scarves and other clothing with accessories widely spread among the wealthy ladies. What was the most important thing, that chinchilla fur coats, blankets, caps, scarves and other clothing with accessories widely spread among the wealthy ladies. Recently, there are about 3.5 million chinchillas all around the world, the most of which are grown in special farms in the United States of America, Canada, Australia, and throughout the whole Europe. In Lithuania, farmers started growing chinchilla before 10 – 15 years ago. The first chinchilla families were brought from Germany. Currently, the interest in growing chinchillas is increasing rapidly. Majority of the animals are grown for being pets, others for sale, many are moved into the international fur auctions for its fur. In Copenhagen Auction, the prices of chinchilla raw pelts ranges from 20 to 80 EURO, sometimes even more. The main business of the first chinchilla breeders in Lithuania was to sell them for its species. Currently, the formed family of chinchillas (4 females and 1 male) cost starts at 500 Litas ( about 190 dollars). Chinchilla are herbivores animals. In the wild, they are undemanding for food, they perfectly eat herbs, seeds and fruits, shrubs, many different plants, cactuses and moss. Chinchilla can do without water, because they can settle the Eastern dew and humidity, which is in their eaten food. For the purposes of Commerce, all year round, these rodents are fed with dry hay and compound feeding stuffs. This is the main condition for maintaining them cheap, compared with other fur and carnivore animals. One adult needs about 30-40 g of compound feeding stuff, 10-15 g of hay a day. The fur of chinchillas continuously shed, it does not depend on the season. Chinchillas, unlike other animals held in cages, don’t need to be precautionary vaccinated. The main focus is on the quality of the food, to ensure good sanitation conditions, to ensure the normal operation of the veterinary, for microclimate maintained in the premises. Chinchilla breeders do not need to move to chinchilla males to females, because they live together. Consequently, the breeders biggest job is to register the newborn babies and form new families. Great fertility is not typical to chinchillas. The female usually gives 2-3 cubs (on average 2 times a year). Chicks are born hairy, with opened eyes, one hour after birth and they can already move independently. Unlike other fur-bearing species bred in captivity, chinchillas do not make big noise and also do not emit any specific odor. Before starting this business it is necessary to weigh all of the “for” and “against”, it should be thoroughly acquainted with the purposes of commerce, daily feeding of caged chinchillas, daily care of them, preparation and realization of fur, the most common diseases and their prevention.